All fish species in the Quiet Lakes spawn naturally on a wide variety of suitable substrates along our well-managed (not over-developed) shorelines. Most species (smallmouth bass, largemouth bass, northern pike, black crappie, yellow perch, bluegill, pumpkinseed, etc.) require no supplemental stocking in order to maintain adequate populations. Past concerns about predation and competition from introduced northern pike led to regular stockings of 10- to 12-inch muskellunge in Teal and Lost Land. But there is now sufficient evidence of natural reproduction and recruitment (survival to catchable size) of muskellunge, making it unnecessary for WDNR to stock muskies since fall of 2009 in Teal and fall of 2012 in Lost Land. Ghost Lake has always maintained adequate natural reproduction of muskellunge. Click on the PDF link below to see Quiet Lakes fish stocking history since 2000.
WDNR is so confident in the quality of muskellunge populations in Teal and Lost Land that those lakes have been selected to serve once every three years as the source for young muskies raised at the Thompson Hatchery in Spooner. These lakes were chosen because muskellunge in Teal and Lost Land are capable of natural reproduction and possess the ability to grow at reasonable rates and survive to memorable size – traits desired in other northern Wisconsin waters where Teal/Lost Land progeny will be stocked.
This springtime hatchery operation involves stripping eggs from several female muskellunge and fertilizing the “batch” from each female with sperm-containing milt from two or three different males. This simulates the way in which spawning muskies behave (often two or three males attending one female) in order to maintain genetic diversity and thereby ensure the viability of future generations. All fish are returned to the water immediately after spawning, and fertilized eggs are transported back to Spooner for hatching and rearing of fingerlings to lengths of 10-12 inches before stocking in the fall. We are fortunate to have such a quality muskellunge fishery that no longer requires stocking and serves as the source of hatchery broodstock for other northern Wisconsin lakes.
Here’s what it’s all about. Teal and Lost Land lakes harbor muskellunge populations with above-average numbers of bigger-than-average fish. A few Wisconsin lakes have more trophy-size fish over 50 inches, but far fewer fish overall. And a handful of area lakes have more fish but much smaller fish. Very few lakes anywhere have as many muskellunge approaching and exceeding 40 inches in length as Teal and Lost Land. These are premier musky fisheries.
Walleye is the most highly desired sport fish in the Quiet Lakes. Until the mid-2000s, natural reproduction and recruitment (survival to catchable size) was so high in Teal Lake that walleye stocking was not required to maintain a healthy population and thriving sport fishery. In Lost Land Lake, a growing population of largemouth bass (predators on and competitors with young walleye) made it necessary to stock large walleye fingerlings (6-8 inches) in the fall since the early 2000s. In 2010, WDNR surveys revealed a substantial increase in the largemouth bass population of Teal Lake as well. That prompted fishery biologists to begin stocking large fall walleye fingerlings in Teal Lake starting in 2011, based on evidence that survival to catchable size was higher for large walleye fingerlings than for fry or 2-inch fingerlings stocked elsewhere in lakes with abundant largemouth bass. In Ghost Lake, small spring fingerlings were replaced with large fall fingerlings starting in 2013 in hopes of boosting survival there as well.
In 2011 WDNR initiated a long-term evaluation of stocking large fall walleye fingerlings in odd-numbered years in all the Quiet Lakes unless and until survival of naturally produced fish makes stocking unnecessary. The experimental stocking densities are 10/acre for Teal Lake (10,244 fish per stocking event), 5/acre for Lost Land Lake (6,319 fish), and 10/acre for Ghost Lake (3,720 fish).
In late July of 2017 we learned that a shortage of minnows (food for young walleyes) at the hatchery in Spooner would make it necessary for WDNR staff to stock walleyes into Lost Land Lake sooner than planned (August) at an average length of only 3.5 inches. (Keeping fish at the hatchery would result in high losses due to starvation and cannibalism.) A follow-up electrofishing survey on September 19 revealed that few, if any, of these small, August-stocked fish had survived to the end of summer. Read the following post to learn how the Quiet Lakes Improvement Association responded to this challenge by partnering with Walleyes for Northwest Wisconsin and the Quiet Lakes Tourism Association to purchase 6,544 large (6-8″) walleye fingerlings (5/acre) for stocking into Lost Land Lake on October 23, 2017, thereby maintaining momentum in our walleye restoration program and viability of WDNR’s long-term, multi-lake walleye stocking evaluation.
QLIA and Partners Stock Walleyes into Lost Land Lake in Fall 2017
On October 23, 2017 the Quiet Lakes Improvement Association was pleased to receive 6,544 large, healthy walleye fingerlings (5/acre) for stocking into Lost Land Lake. This event culminated a week of frantic arrangements prompted by the realization that 3.5-inch walleyes stocked by WDNR in August had all but disappeared by the time of WDNR’s electrofishing survey on September 19. (These fish had been stocked at a much smaller size and earlier date than planned due to supply-chain problems with feed minnows at WDNR’s hatchery in Spooner.) To maintain restoration momentum and keep Lost Land a valid study site for WDNR’s multi-lake stocking evaluation (6- to 8-inch fish every other fall at 5/acre), private partners pooled their resources and bought these expensive fish ($1.80 each) from a private source at a total cost of $11,779. Teal Lake had already received its planned stocking of extended-growth (EG) walleyes (10/acre) from WDNR on September 21 and 22, thanks in no small part to the facilitation of access and direct assistance provided by Victoria Ross of Ross’ Teal Lake Rentals.
WDNR’s Sawyer County Fishery Management Biologist Max Wolter was instrumental in securing WDNR Fisheries program approval and expediting issuance of the required permit for this private fish stocking on very short notice. In mid October, there was no guarantee that any significant number of EG walleyes would still be available from a reputable dealer with certified, disease-free fish. But Tim Gollon of Gollon Bait and Fish Farm in Dodgeville, Wisconsin bent over backward to accommodate our last-minute request. Total project cost was stretching our Association’s budget to the limit, but offers of financial support from Walleyes for Northwest Wisconsin ($2,500) and the Quiet Lakes Tourism Association ($1,500) on VERY short notice got us “over the hump” and made this emergency stocking possible. Visit our “Links” page under the “About” tab to learn more about these great organizations.
QLIA Website Photo Editor Bryan Neuswanger of Keenai Photography was on hand to chronicle the stocking event through the lens of his Nikon D5200 camera. The walleyes were released at WDNR’s public boat ramp located on a lot leased from the Township of Spider Lake on the west side of Landing Camp Bay.